Category Archives: Physics

Inflation

New to this tour in physics? Start at THE BIG BANG. 

From Wikipedia:

In physical cosmology, cosmic inflation, cosmological inflation, or just inflation is the extremely rapid exponential expansion of the early universe by a factor of at least 1078 in volume, driven by a negative-pressure vacuum energy density.[1] The inflationary epoch comprises the first part of the electroweak epoch following the grand unification epoch. It lasted from 10−36 seconds after the Big Bang to sometime between 10−33 and 10−32 seconds. Following the inflationary period, the universe continued to expand, but at a slower rate.
The term “inflation” is used to refer to the hypothesis that inflation occurred, to the theory of inflation, or to the inflationary epoch. The inflationary hypothesis was originally proposed in 1980 by American physicist Alan Guth, who named it “inflation”.[2] It was also proposed by Katsuhiko Sato in 1981.[3]

What happened right after time=0 in Big Bang? Next lecture THE PLANCK EPOCH.

 

 

 

The Big Bang

Welcome to your education in physics from the Crestroyer Theory and Wikipedia.

From Wikipedia:

The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model that describes the early development of the Universe.[1] According to the theory, the Big Bang occurred approximately 13.798 ± 0.037 billion years ago,[2][3][4][5][6][7] which is thus considered the age of the universe.[8][9][10][11] At this time, the Universe was in an extremely hot and dense state and began expanding rapidly. After the initial expansion, the Universe cooled sufficiently to allow energy to be converted into various subatomic particles, including protons, neutrons, and electrons. Though simple atomic nuclei formed within the first three minutes after the Big Bang, thousands of years passed before the first electrically neutral atoms formed. The majority of atoms that were produced by the Big Bang are hydrogen, along with helium and traces of lithium. Giant clouds of these primordial elements later coalesced through gravity to form stars and galaxies, and the heavier elements were synthesized either within stars or during supernovae.

What happened during the first few seconds, in the big bang theory?  Next lecture INFLATION.

 

The mystery of Dark Energy solved?

I am talking to a renowned professor in physics here in Copenhagen these days, about how maybe to solve this mystery. We might have the article below in a peer-reviewed magazine in the future.

We all agree that electromagnetism is explaining a lot. If we consider the weak force as some kind of electromagnetism, at least it could be interpreted as such, then we only have the strong force and gravity to explain.

If we combine the strong force,  gravity and the “force” that seems to expand the universe, dark energy, maybe we get somewhere.

How to do that?

If space-time expresses gravity on the subatomic level and “anti-gravity” on the cosmological level, then we only have to find a missing minus sign in our equations.

One big hurdle though. The theory assumes that the speed of light varies in time and space.

This article describes how to revise Einstein. It is not ready for peer review yet, but I thought you should have it here, maybe you could give some mathematical feedback, that solves the last mysteries. It was written in 2009, and never published, due to my own doubts about it.

Due to the mystery of dark energy not being solved, I give this wild goose chase a chance in public.

 

 

Einstein’s Field Equations revised:

Can space-time explain dark matter and dark energy?

By Otto Krog

Is it possible to explain dark energy and dark matter, by assuming that space-time expresses gravitation as well as anti-gravitation (expansion), and by disregarding the cosmological constant?

This theory suggests that space-time not only expresses gravity, but also expansion.

Space-time expresses gravity, no doubt about that. It has been proven beyond doubt.

However, dark matter and dark energy might be explained by postulating that space-time also expresses anti-gravity, the expansion of the universe.

Space and time

In the physical universe space is the distance between objects (energy), and time is the measurement of motion between objects (energy).

Five levels, called the Q’s.

Instead of using a cosmological constant, space-time expresses expansion on super-atomic level.

This theory is based on the physical universe standard model fields being divided into five levels:

Q0. Absolute zero space and zero time, a point. This is the centre of the proton. In this level space-time expresses absolute infinite gravity. This level is unattainable in the physical universe.

Q1. The subatomic and atomic level. This starts in Q0 and ends in Q2. In this level space-time expresses the entirety of gravitation in the physical universe. This is directly opposed to the usual understanding, that space-time has a very little influence sub-atomically. In this theory space-time expresses gravity sub-atomically in Q0 and Q1, and space-time expresses anti-gravity in Q3 and Q.

Q2. Neutral ground for gravitation and expansion. This is the orbit of the electron. This is neutral ground for gravity. This is the area where there is equilibrium between gravity and expansion.

Q3. The above neutral ground level. Super-atomic level. This level starts in Q2 and ends in Q. In this level space-time expresses expansion or anti-gravitation. Here we have the best observation of electromagnetic fields, as described in Maxwell, and as seen in the light we receive from cosmos.

Q. Absolute infinite space and time. This level is the “point” of infinite space and infinite time. We define infinite time as the past, the present and the future. In this level space-time expresses absolute infinite anti-gravitation. This level is unattainable in the physical universe.

Relativity

Even though we agree that there is no absolute vacuüm, we still say that everything is relative to the speed of light in vacuüm. The postulate in this theory is that this is not the entire truth. Everything is relative to everything.

Again Einstein was right. He said that the speed of light is constant locally.

A new understanding of the Einstein Field Equations.

Einstein’s general relativity in mathematics:

gab         where:

gablille          is the Einstein tensor, which expresses the curvature of space-time.

tablille          is the stress-energy tensor that describes the density and flux of energy and momentum in space-time.

K is a constant:

klig

K is a very small positive number very close to zero, but not zero.

If we take an observation point from Q2, the “neutral ground”, and extend our observation to Q3, what will happen?

Space-time will curve space and afflict time as described in GR.

In Q3, it is evident that we have to have the constant K in the field equation. If we didn’t, space would curve all too much, and gravity would be so immense, that the universe would collapse. But this is only when we observe from Q3. And that is exactly what we do in general relativity. We observe from Q3.

This theory suggests a way to observe from all levels. The postulate in this theory is, that this constant K is the correct one locally, but only when the observation is made from Q3.

In this theory we suggest that in Q0 and Q1, the sub-atomic area, the constant K, approximates infinity.

We also suggest that in Q3 and Q, the super-atomic level, the constant K, is approaching absolute zero.

The Einstein Field Equation’s described in Q’s:

Q0 and 1. The subatomic and atomic level:
gab   
                                       as K
As K approaches infinity, by approaching c, the speed of light, to zero, we move towards infinite gravitation and super-curved space, through Q1 and Q0. This results in a super gravitation in the protons centre. C, the speed of light becomes lower and lower, until it stops utterly in Q0. This is where space-time expresses gravity. And the gravity is so immense, that it can hold the universe in equilibrium, and be measured as weight. 

Q2. The neutral ground level:
gab
GR works, as we know it, when the observation is made from Q2, and we observe Q3.

Q3 and Q. The above neutral ground level:
gab 0
                                   as K 0
As K approaches zero, by approaching c, the speed of light, to infinite speed, we approach infinite anti-gravitation (expansion), through Q3 and Q. This is where space-time expresses anti-gravity. The further you reach into infinite space, c, the speed of light, approximates infinite speed.

In actual fact all these levels work “opposite” the normal way of looking at GR. These equations should therefore be negated on one side of the equation all the way through. The reason it has not been done is due to clarity, but also due to some scientists, that prefers to negate K as a constant.

Einstein’s space-time separation s between two events is:
s2 = x2 + y2 + z2 – c2t2

But, as space-time is reversed in this theory, it becomes:

s2 = x2 + y2 + z2 + c2t2

It makes Einstein even more beautiful.

The Einstein Q Field Equations in short:

Q0 and Q1.      gab
                                           as K

Q2.                    gab

Q3 and Q
.      gab
0
                                          as K 0

How would GR work when we approach infinite space and time?

Space-time will still curve space and afflict time. But by adjusting the constant K, so it approaches zero, by approaching c, the speed of light to infinite speed, space-time expresses expansion, i.e. anti-gravity. The further we go into space the more anti-gravity. Hitherto this manifestation has been attempted to be explained as dark energy.

How would GR work when we approach zero space and time?

Space-time will still curve space and afflict time. We adjust the constant K, to approach infinity, by letting c, the speed of light, approach zero. By approaching the centre of the proton, we approach absolute zero space and time. Then space-time expresses super-gravity and super curvature of space. Below the level of the electron, the speed of light slows down, untill it approaches a complete stop in the centre of the proton. The reason the universe doesn’t collapse, is due to anti-gravitation taking place in Q3 and Q.

Thereby the constant, the speed of light in vacuüm, becomes a variable in all levels of the universe. In this sector of the universe it is about 300.000 km’s a second. In other galaxies it might be more or less.

Implications and conclusions

Space-time is an expression of gravity in sub-atomic fields.

Space-time is an expression of anti-gravity in super-atomic fields.

Sub-atomically the speed of light approaches zero, whereby space-time expresses super-curvature of space, and super-gravity.

Super-atomically the speed of light approaches infinity, whereby space-time expresses super-anti-gravitation, seen as expansion and acceleration of the universe.

Dark energy is possibly not extra energy, but a result of super-atomic space-time. Q3 and Q accelerate the universe through anti-gravitation, which is an expression of space-time.

Dark matter is possibly a miscalculation, emerged from the wrongly assumption, that the speed of light is constant. When we look at a stellar system that seems to have too much matter, it might not be extra matter that makes the paradox. It might be that the speed of light “out there” is higher or lower, than our postulated speed of light. Then we calculate more or less matter (condensed energy), than we in reality have out there.

The speed of light approaches zero in the “sub-atomic level”. This condition of approached zero light speed, we also find in black holes, and in Lene Hau’s experiments.

The speed of light approaches infinite speed in the “super atomic level”.

Big Bang has to be considered in a different way. The implications of this theory in cosmology will show us a Universe larger than we hitherto has assumed, and much older.

This theory is not in any way contradicting Einstein.

It is a theory that expands knowledge of life in both philosophy and in the natural sciences. Philosophers have always talked about infinity as a concept, and so have mathematicians.

Otto Krog

Denmark

May 2009

004523838188  

What is the “Axis of Evil”?

The Planck telescope just revealed its newest data.

The Planck telescope is investigating the CMB (cosmic microwave background) radiation, and has come up with a confirmation of “The Axis of Evil”.

The earlier map of the CMB was called WMAP, and its finding was, that it seemed like the CMB was hotter when we look in one direction, compared to when we look in other directions. See this image:

planck

The blue spot in the bottom is a colder area than the rest. Red is hot, blue is cold.

It is called “The Axis of Evil” because a lot of physicists didn’t like what they saw, as it is quite unexplainable to them. They had hoped that the Planck satellite would find out that it was an error, but instead Planck confirmed the differences in temperature.

You might ask what this has to do with God and antimatter.

For now I will give you a short version.

I believe that electromagnetism was created before atoms, a reversed Big Bang.

Electromagnetism was in its creation instant, and has been slowed down to its speed today, 300.000 km/s

The Universe is much much bigger than we imagine. What we see as the CMB is just how much of the universe we can see with our telescopes today. Behind the CMB, also called the last scattering, there is a whole lot of more Universe. The same physical universe as we inhabit, but the electromagnetism from it, has not reached us.

The hot areas in the map indicates that the speed of light out there is higher than in the cold areas.

If I am right then the cold spot indicates where we should look, if we want to figure out where the center of the Universe might be.

If all these speculations is right, then maybe the rest of my theories also are true. My opinion is that our consciousness exists in separate mental parallel universes, and that you are your own God, in that Universe.

Pretty wild and exiting times for sure.

God and antimatter

There has been some confusion about me saying that consciousness is antimatter.

That is understandable, as it is a simplified explanation. I think that what caused the physical universe (God), we will never know, or at least not know fully.

Nevertheless I base my assumptions on the idea, that consciousness is capable of creating an effect, and counter-creating the same effect.

The original cause created an outburst of infinite energy, going from plus energy to minus energy. When these energies combined, they created standing waves, in the form of atoms. An atom is a standing wave, with the core as the end point. After atoms were created electromagnetism arised, as we know it today. Electromagnetism is the only thing, that we know of, that is its own antiparticle.

Big Bang theories says that antimatter was created in the same amount than matter, but where did antimatter go?

My point is that it went into these separate mental parallel universes, in the form of opposite energy to the energy we observe the most of in our reality, physical matter.

I think that our mental image pictures are conserved in opposite energy, not antimatter. Because, for sure the mental images is not touchable as antimatter is.

I started out this journey into physics 10 years ago by reading a book mentioning re-normalization. In theoretical mathematics the electron has infinite charge. That is bogus, so physicists re-normalized it to become 1 instead, because that is so much easier to work with. I understand, that they did, and agree totally that they did, what else should they have done?

But can we continue doing that, when everything is confusing, and nobody understands what’s going on?

I am at best just a lobbyist for infinity and eternity. Maybe I am dead wrong, but hopefully somebody having the brain to do it, will be inspired and find a mathematical solution to infinity, re-normalization and the strange paradoxes they give.

When Paul Dirac predicted antimatter in the thirties, he did it by finding a missing “minus” in Einstein’s work. There was a square root somewhere, where Einstein only had taken the positive number. Everybody know that the result of a square root always give plus and minus. But even to Einstein it was crazy to think that antimatter could be a possibility. But not so to Dirac. He voiced the idea, and became a Nobel prize winner.

My idea is in the same category. The many world interpretation has this idea that the wave collapse creates new physical universes all the time. To me that is crazy, but I respect those believing in it. My idea is that in all the bogus mathematics, somebody left out a minus sign, or forgot a square root somewhere, or drank too much whiskey. That resulted in the idea that these parallel universes should be physical. I think they have been here all along and that they have opposite energies, and make up for what we see as missing antimatter, and somehow has to do with consciousness. Crazy indeed, but if a mathematician could find the missing minus sign, then he would probably get a Nobel Prize. That is, if it can be shown experimentally, off course. I have ideas to do just that, but I want the mathematics to fit in first. But I can’t, as I go blank every time I see some formulas.

I sincerely hope that I am clear in my expressions, as it is so fu….. difficult to express myself clearly about these matters.

And I love getting comments, also if they try to convince me that I am mad, because honestly, I take the accusation as a compliment.

Antimatter and “many world” interpretation in quantum mechanics

I just received the best presentation ever on the manyworld interpretation of quantum mechanics. The guy being interviewed is on top of it all very humorous and charming, so it helps to swallow the mysticism. What he actually is saying is that it is an embarresment to physics and the general human race, that we have known for 80 years, what the universe is telling us, but we haven’t grasped it yet.

The good news is that the many world interpretation now has 18% “voters” in the physics department. That’s much more than ten years ago, I guess.

As you have seen on this blog now for two years, I am having the opinion that antimatter is consciousness, and that we as beings live in parallel universes (many worlds) observing our common creation the physical universe. Particles does not exist, the appearances of particles emerges, when wave functions collapse in the quantum fields.

See my videopresentation here:

Scientist Shows What Happens To ‘Soul’ After Death (VIDEO)

If you haven’t seen this video, it is a must. I am just going a bit further in my theory, but the essense is the same. The mind is to be found in the quantum field.

http://science.discovery.com/tv-shows/through-the-wormhole/videos/through-the-wormhole-2-tracking-souls-to-the-afterlife.htm

 If you haven’t seen my videos they are here:

And for my danish friends, I even made it in danish:

The God particle, The Higgs

I now have a better presentation, both in english and danish. It includes predictions, which is a must for theories, and a better rundown of my theory compared to Big Bang. Plus new ideas about plasma, the creation before electromagnetism. Below you will find some comments on the newest from Kyoto.

And for my danish friends, I even made it in danish:

Last year in december the statistics on the Higss particle was 3 sigma. That is not enough to call it a scientific discovery. The July verdict was a 5 sigma, which is a close to 100 % discovery. But that 5 sigma was only that there is a particle, not on the qualities that is necessary to call it the Real Higgs particle. I don’t think that statistics on the qualities has changed much since last december, but I cannot say, because the media does not write about it.

My prediction is still that the qualities of the Higgs particle, necessary to prove the standard model right, will not reach 5 sigma. The simple argument is that these qualities do not exist.

The standard model in its formative states, concluded that there is no mass. That sounded weird to Peter Higgs, and therefore he mathematically predicted the Higgs particle.

I think that the standard model is right, when it comes to the conclusion of no mass. I, as Einstein did in his older days, think that everything, including gravity, can be explained through electromagnetism. On top of that I think that above the force of electromagnetism there must be a force that we do not know, yet.

Hope to see your comments.

The emperor has no higgies

The press release from CERN said:

“but not enough to make any conclusive statement on the existence or non-existence of the elusive Higgs.”

So we are back to square zero.

Let’s look at the real reason why they are searching for the Higgs Boson.

What does it mean, that the standard model is predicting the Higgs?

It actually means the direct opposite than what they say, but in a strange and reverted way.

What the standard model in reality predicts is, that mass does not exist.

It’s crazy but true, check it out. The standard model originally predicted that mass does not exist.

It is one of those anomalies, that scientists doesn’t like. They see something that obviously is against direct observation. I cannot blame them, because this sounds really weird.

The Higgs particle has been predicted as a solution to this puzzle ever since the standard model was “invented” back in the 60’ties. The Higgs was allready then postulated, as an explanation to this strange phenomenon of no mass at all.

40 years later we still don’t find enough evidence of the particle being there. It should be pretty easy to observe in the energies they are running the accelerator on now, and should have been found years ago. Now they give it one more year. That is very fine with me, because then we can definitely once and for all say:

“The emperor has no higgies on.”

What if mass in reality does not exist at all?

That’s total bungos, but so is entanglement and photons being both particles and vawes.

Einstein was a genious, and he found the relation between energy (matter), time and space.

Gravitation is explained by general relativity from 1916, close to a hundred years ago.

But Einstein did not know a thing about dark matter, black holes and dark energy. Those terms are floating around in physics today, even though they have never been observed. Black holes is observed off course, but not as a singularity, that’s for sure.

The standard model originally predicted that there are no mass.

Today I believe that to be true, and then I must admit that I believe in the standard model in its original form. What a bummer, because I usually don’t believe in anything.

Especially not  the Higgs and that it will be found as a scientific discovery. The emperor has no higgies on.

There is no mass, that is the simple explanation, even though it is as mindblowing as entanglement and missing antimatter in big bang.

I know a few scientists at the research institutes here in Copenhagen, and they have no difficulty in seing my point, but cling on to Einsteinian relativity, because it is proven, and it is working. Untill a better mathematical theory arises they will continue to use relativity as allways.

I see no problem at all in that. That is their job, and they cannot abide by the “law” because of “crackpots” like me saying differently.

But what did the genious Einstein actually think about his own theory in the end of his own lifespan?

Professor emeritus of physics at the University of Toronto John Moffat, was in direct communication with Einstein in his late life. John Moffat describes in his book “Reinventing Gravity”, how Einstein in the fifties attempted to construct a theory that unified gravity and Maxwells equations of electromagnetism.

That was not working for the old man, he never succeeded in disproving his own theory.

Nevertheless I think that Einstein was right in the end of his days, as he was right in his youth, with the knowledge in hand he in his time could observe as a great scientist.

If mass does not exist or in some way is related to electromagnetism then in some odd way gravity doesn’t exist either.

It really is spooky, but it seems like electromagnetism is the only existing property in the physical universe. The strong and the weak force has some very peculiar similarities to electromagnetism. The standard model shows that.

As I mention in my theory. Gravity and anti-gravity (expansion of the universe, described in physics as dark energy) level each other out. That means that spacetime level out too, and we have a 3D Eucledian space as WMAP indicates.

I predict that:

1. The Higgs particle will not be found.

2. The speed of light in vacuum is infinite.

3. Spacetime as the fourth dimension will in the future be looked upon as we today look upon the Ptolemaic model of the heavens, which postulated the Earth at the center of the galaxy.

Dear God,

Please bring me a mathematician, that will help me putting all this in mathematical context and formula, so it can be put into a scientific theory, and not just my crackpot speculations.

PS: Einstein never found the relation. If he did he would have made headlines again. There were errors in his equations.  John Moffat actually found them before Einstein died, pointed them out and Einstein accepted his wrongmess. John Moffat has since then used his professional scills as a scientist by going in Einsteins footsteps.

PPS: Moffat has no broadly accepted explanation either. That is because he doesn’t put antimatter and multiverse theory into his equations.

I am not just a crackpot, I am an arrogant crackpot.

If you have had enough, feel free to leave this page.

If you would like to read my view on it all, then read my theory by clicking above or here.

http://crestroyertheory.com/the-theory/

And feel free to leave a comment, I love it.

Fuzz about the Higgs particle

What is the fuzz about the “scientific” discovery of the Higgs particle?

Could there be a probability of a scientific discovery tuesday?

Scientists measure their experiments by a term called sigma.

There is no scientific discovery about a sigma 2.5 or 3.00 as probably will be the case on tuesday. Maybe even lower, maybe 3.5

If Newton were sitting under his appletree and made 100 observations, and in one instance the apple didn’t hit him in the head, it is a sigma 2.5. A sigma 5.o is EVERY time that the apple falls down, and that includes doing it a million times and more.

THAT is a scientific discovery.

At sigma 3 the apple fals wrong one out of every 370 times you do the experiment. That is not a scientific discovery either.

My prediction is that the Higgs particle never will reach close to a sigma 5.

Behind the prediction there is a theory, read it by clicking above.